What is this medication for?
Ibuprofen belongs to the class of medications known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). ). It works by lowering the levels of a natural chemical produced in response to disease and injury, thus relieving inflammation, swelling, and pain. Ibuprofen is used for the relief of minor aches and pains due to headache, muscular aches, menstrual cramps, the common cold, backache, toothache, minor pain of arthritis, and for the relief of fever.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
Some medications may have other generic brands available. Always ask your doctor or pharmacist about the safety of switching between brands of the same medication.
How should I use this medication?
The recommended adult dose of ibuprofen varies depending on what it is being used for. The usual dose for adults and children 12 years and older is 200 mg with food or milk every 4 to 6 hours as needed. If the pain or fever does not get better after taking 1 tablet, 2 tablets may be used. Do not exceed 6 tablets in 24 hours, unless directed to do so by your doctor. Higher doses may also be used for some conditions - talk to your doctor for more information.
The dose of ibuprofen for children is based on body weight. Ibuprofen pediatric suspension is often used for young children and for adults who have difficulty swallowing tablets. Always shake the suspension well before using. Use an oral syringe to measure each dose of the liquid, as it gives a more accurate measurement than household teaspoons.
A common side effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen is stomach upset. This can be minimized by taking the medication immediately after a meal, or with food or milk.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not use ibuprofen if you:
- are allergic to ibuprofen or to any of the ingredients of the medication
- are about to have or have just had heart surgery
- have asthma, hives, or allergic-type reactions after taking aspirin or other NSAIDs (e.g., naproxen, diclofenac, rofecoxib)