Family and child health

Diseases/Conditions returned 56 results.
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Diseases Otitis Media
Otitis media is a middle ear infection that is most common in infants and young children under 4 years of age. By the age of one year, most children will have had one or more middle ear infections. Although a middle ear infection can occur at any age, it's much less common in older children and adults.
Diseases Influenza
The flu is a respiratory (nose, throat, and lung) infection that can be caused by a variety of influenza viruses. Many people use the word "flu" when they actually have a cold. Although the common cold is also caused by viruses, the flu and common cold differ in several ways.
Diseases Bedwetting
Bedwetting is common for children, affecting more boys than girls. The condition occurs in 30% of children at the age of 4, 10% at the age of 6, and drops to 1% by the age of 18. Although children develop bladder control at different rates, most boys can control their bladder during the day and night by the age of 6, and most girls by the age of 5. When a child who is old enough to have bladder control urinates accidentally while sleeping, it's called nocturnal enuresis.
Diseases Fever
Although normal body temperatures can vary throughout the day, the average adult normal body temperature when taken by mouth with a thermometer is 98.6°F (37°C). The normal rectal temperature is approximately 1°F (0.5°C) higher than the oral (mouth) temperature, while the temperature under the armpit (axillary) is slightly lower than the oral temperature.
Diseases Tooth Decay and Toothache
Tooth decay (cavities) affects almost all of us to some degree at some point in our lives. It usually occurs in children and young adults but can affect people of any age because as we grow older, the exposed root surfaces of teeth can be susceptible to decay.
Diseases Eating Disorders
Eating disorders have increased in frequency, possibly as a consequence of society's emphasis and preoccupation with thinness. Eating disorders are multifactorial conditions linked to genetic, traumatic, and nutritional causes. In North America, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the two most common eating disorders. They predominantly affect women.
Diseases Appendicitis
A sudden inflammation or swelling of the appendix is called appendicitis. The appendix is a tube-like structure that branches off where the large intestine (colon) begins. It's pencil-thin and normally about 4 inches (10 cm) long.
Diseases Warts
Warts are small growths on the skin caused by a virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts are extremely common: it is estimated that about 25% of the population have a wart at any one time. Luckily, most warts are harmless. However, since they're caused by a virus, warts are very contagious.
Diseases Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is an illness caused by a bacterium called Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected tick. The bacterium is usually carried by birds, mice, squirrels, and other small animals. Ticks become infected by the bacterium when they feed on infected animals.
Diseases Croup
Croup is a common problem that affects most children during early childhood. It is caused by a viral infection that causes swelling in the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box). Croup is most common in children under the age of 5 years, and especially those under 3 years old.
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